Canadian Forces Military Police Branch


DND Photo
Two Canadian MPs in Afghanistan wearing CG634 helmets with CADPAT TW covers.

US Pattern M1 Helmet

The field helmet in use by the Canadian Armed Forces at the time of Unification was the American designed M1 helmet. Adopted by Canada as standard in 1960, a limited number had been in Canadian service since the Second World War. The M1 helmet was made in two parts, an outer steel shell and a removable fibreglass liner. For Military Police use, both the helmets and the liners were painted with a variety of stenciled or hand painted MP markings, normally in black and white.

Beginning in the late 1960s an American pattern reversable camouflage cover was issued, as well as a white cover for winter. American Woodland Pattern camouflage covers started to appear in Canadian service by the late 1980s.

Several patterns of face shields were issued for riot control purposes.

M1 Helmet
M1 Helmet Liner

M1 Helmet with a Second World War pattern helmet net.

M1 Helmet with an American Mitchell Pattern reversable camouflage cover showing the summer pattern.

M1 Helmet with the American reversable camouflage cover showing the fall pattern.

M1 Helmet with the American Woodland Pattern camouflage cover and a Type 1 chinstrap.

M1 Helmet with a cloth winter camouflage cover. The fleur de lys pattern is seen on many of these covers and is as yet unexplained.

A number of patterns of face shields were issued, this version allows a respirator to be worn.

Kevlar And Composite Helmets

By the early 1980s, the M1 helmet had been in Canadian general issue for over 20 years, and a replacement was needed. With the development of impact resistant materials such as Kevlar, most major armies were testing or had already adopted new helmet materials and designs. Canada operationally trialled several patterns of helmet, notably the American PASGT and a French pattern.

PASGT Helmet

The American Personnel Armor System for Ground Troops (PASGT) consisted of a helmet and a ballistic armoured vest. Both items entered American service in the early 1980s. The PASGT helmet saw some considerable use by Canadians on peacekeeping tours in the 1990s, notably in the former Yugoslavia.

PASGT Helmet with Woodland Pattern camouflage cover.

Barrday Helmet

A modified version of the French Gallet SPECTRA helmet design was produced by the Barrday company in Ontario for user trials and testing. Several thousand of these helmets were produced between 1988 and 1990. Although several variants were made it was not adopted as standard, but is worn by some civilian police forces. The general design was considered acceptable with modifications, and it was similar to the final approved helmet, the CG634.

Early Barrday Helmet

CG634 Helmet

Following the trials of the Barrday helmet, the French helmet with a Canadian suspension system was adopted as the CG634 in 1997 and is now standard. It is manufactured by GSI (Gallet SÚcuritÚ Internationale) in St-Romuald Quebec. It's ballistic properties are slightly superior to the PASGT and it is specifically designed for use with the new patterns of Canadian uniforms and equipment. It is issued with a TW CADPAT camouflage cover, white, blue and Arid CADPAT covers are issued as required.

CG634 Helmet with the Cadpat TW camouflage cover and bracket for the AN/PVS-504 Night Vision Goggles.The SPECS ballistic glasses were trialled, but not adopted as standard. Ballistic eyewear are superior to ordinary sunglasses in providing protection from shell splinters and fragments.

CG634 Helmet with dust goggles. These are normally fitted with a cloth cover when not in actual use. The CG634 chinstrap release buckle can be worn on the left or right, depending on user preference.

CG634 Helmet with the Arid camouflage cover.

CG634 Helmet with the white winter camouflage cover.

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